China expands efforts to improve applied research capacity

(Information current as at 27 November)
 
In order to strengthen China’s higher education and research system, the Chinese Government has been putting incentives in place for the past decade to attract foreign and returning researchers into its universities. As part of these efforts the 111 Project was developed to attract high performing researchers from prestigious universities to China, to help develop research discipline bases in Chinese universities.
 
The 111 Project [高等学校学科创新引智计划in Chinese, Pinyin: Gāoděng xuéxiào xuékē chuàngxīn yǐn zhì jìhuà] was established in 2006 by the Chinese Ministry of Education (MoE) and the State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs (SAFEA), with the aim of developing around 100 world leading research discipline bases in Chinese universities with 1000 top talents from the world’s top 100 universities to work with Chinese researchers.
 
According to an announcement by the MoE in February this year, 359 project bases have been established to date in 80 national-level universities, of which 136 have been established since 2012. Most of these research bases cover disciplines such as material science, engineering, chemistry and chemical engineering, energy, agriculture, biology, mathematical sciences and advanced manufacturing.  The prioritisation of these disciplines reflects an emphasis on further developing China’s applied research capacity to support strategic development plans such as “Made in China 2025”.
 
Each of the approved bases is made up of at least 10 foreign research experts and 10 Chinese research experts. At least one foreign expert must be a high profile researcher under 70 years of age, with a title equivalent to Academy Fellow of science or engineering, and willing to work in China for more than one month per year (accumulative). At least five foreign experts must be mid-career researchers under 50 years of age, holding positions equivalent to associate professor or above in their home country, and willing to work in China for at least three months per year (accumulative). At least one of the five foreign experts must be willing to work in China for longer. 
 
The 111 Project bases are reviewed on a five year basis with a mid-term assessment at the second or third year. Each base receives approximately 360,000 AUD funding per year, provided by the MoE, SAFEA and the host university. The established bases are encouraged to initiate international research cooperation and jointly deliver PhD programs.
 
The first bases approved in 2006 were hosted by 985 project universities. The program was expanded in 2007 to include 211 project universities and to a selection of further universities with identified disciplines of national importance in 2008 (see our earlier policy update for more information on the 985 and 211 projects). In 2016 the program was expanded further to include mid-ranked provincial universities. Bases that have satisfactory research outcomes at the end of the five year cycle are given another round of funding.
 
The 111 Project has gained momentum in the past few years with the introduction of the Double First Class university initiative and the increased emphasis on world-class disciplines. The fact that the 111 Project has expanded to include mid-ranked provincial universities is a sign that China is looking to encourage a greater diversity of universities to build on their competitive strengths to develop world-class disciplines.
 
Australian researchers looking to establish research collaborations with Chinese universities can use the lists of approved 111 Project bases as guide to priority fields of research in a broad range of Chinese universities.
 
For further enquiries, please contact the Education and Research Section of the Australian Embassy in Beijing.

For detailed information on 111 Project bases in 2017, see:
1. Approved “111 Project” bases in high-ranked, national universities
2. Approved “111 Project” bases in mid-ranked, provincial universities
3. Approved “111 Project” established bases with second round funding in 2017
 
 
 
#
University
Research priority of “111 Project” base
1
Beihang University
Advanced materials for air and space
2
Beijing Institute of Technology
Safety and protection studies
3
Beijing Normal University
Multi-scale ecological simulation and safety regulation and control technology
4
Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications
Establishment and integration of Information network system
5
Central China Normal University
Green pesticide and synthetic chemistry
6
Central South University
Intelligent control and optimizing decision making of manufacturing process
7
Central University of Finance and Economics
Decision making and risk assessment of insurance
8
Chang’an University
Sustainable development of highway engineering in special regions
9
China Agricultural University
Developmental physiology and quality control of horticultural crop
10
China Pharmaceutical University
Discovery of anti-tumour and anti-infective drug
11
China University of Geosciences (Wuhan)
Advanced control and intelligence automation of complex system
12
China University of Mining and Technology
Prevention and utilisation of underground coal fire
13
China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing)
Coal-based rare metal deposits 
14
China University of Petroleum (Beijing)
Research on basics of exploitation  of deep geothermic resources
15
China University of Petroleum (East China)
Offshore oil and gas engineering
16
East China University of Science and Technology
Intelligent optimization manufacturing for petroleum chemical industry
17
Fudan University
Studies of persistent infections and diseases
18
Harbin Institute of Technology
Millimetre wave terahertz imaging technique
19
HeFei University of Technology
Optimization and decision-making of complex product manufacturing process
20
Hohai University
River network hydrodynamic system and safety
21
Hunan University
Optimizing and control of smart power grids
22
Jiang nan University
Key technology for textile ecological processing
23
Jilin University
Multi-purpose material molecular engineering
24
Nanjing Agricultural University
Research on multipurpose utilization of rural Land Resources
25
Nanjing University
Monsoon climate variation and meteorological disaster research
26
Nanjing University of Science and Technology
Theory and technology of advanced photoelectric imaging
27
Nankai University
Environmental processing and risk assessment of new pollutants
28
Northeast Normal University
Research on ethics and moral of modern youth
29
North-eastern University
Deep engineering rock mass mechanics and safety
30
Northwestern Polytechnical University
Complex flow and control of aircraft
31
Peking Union Medical College
Study and intervention of Inflammation and major diseases
32
Peking University 
High confidence software technologies
33
Renmin University of China
Technology and application of social economic big data
34
Shanghai Jiaotong University
Translational medicine
35
Shanghai University of Finance and Economics
Frontier theory and method of economics
36
Sichuan University
Green chemistry and technology
37
South China University of Technology
Food nutrition and health
38
Southeast University
Organ chip
39
Sun Yat-sen University
Study of monsoon weather change in east and southeast Asia
40
Tianjin University
Fibre optical sensor and communication
41
Tongji University
Transportation safety
42
Tsinghua University
Interdisciplinary studies of bio manufacturing and extracorporeal life system engineering 
43
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China
Visual media signal and information processing
44
University of Science & Technology Beijing
Engineering of materials genome
45
Wuhan University
Modern geodesy and geodynamics
46
Wuhan University of Technology
New energy vehicle science and key technologies
47
Xiamen University
Nano scale surface and cluster structures of energy material chemistry
48
Xi'an Jiaotong University
Electrical materials and electronic equipment
49
Xidian University
Science and technology of optoelectronic information sensing in complex environment
50
Zhejiang University
Crop quality and safety
 

 

 

2. Approved “111 Project” bases in mid-ranked, provincial universities - 2017 (sorted alphabetically)

 

 

#
University
Research priority of “111 Project” base
1
Beijing Information Science and Technology University
Advanced optoelectronic devices and systems
2
Changchun University of Science and Technology
Manipulation and manufacturing of micro-nano technology
3
East China University of Technology
Science and instrument of mass spectrometry
4
Fuzhou University
Green petrochemical engineering
5
Guangdong University of Technology
Discrete manufacturing intelligence based on Internet of Things technology
6
Guangxi Medical University
Clinical application and study of liver injury and repair
7
Guizhou Normal University
Ecology of South China’s karst area
8
Hangzhou Dianzi University
Perception and control of cyber physics system
9
Henan Normal University
Green chemistry and power materials
10
Hubei University of Technology
Cell regulation and molecular medicine
11
Jilin Agricultural University
Discovery, formulation and application of high yielding pest resistance fungi crops
12
Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunication
Micro-nano device and information system
13
North-western University
Early life and environmental studies
14
Qingdao University of Science and Technology
Rubber and plastic materials and engineering
15
Shanghai University
Modern metallurgy and materials
16
Sichuan Agricultural University
Animal nutrition and breeding
17
Tianjin University of Technology
New energy materials
18
University of Jinan
Advanced cement-based materials
19
Xinjiang Medical University
Prevention, examination and treatment of echinococcosis
20
Zhejiang Normal University
Fluorine-containing new materials 
21
Zhejiang University of Technology
Green pharmaceutical

 


3.Approved “111 Project” established bases with second-round funding 2017 (sorted alphabetically)

 

 

#
University
Research priority of “111 project” base
1
Central South University
Carcinogenesis and principal of cancer invasion
2
China Agricultural University
Crop genetic improvement and molecular breeding
3
China Pharmaceutical University
Drug biosynthesis and biotransformation
4
Donghua University
Advanced manufacturing technology and science of fibre materials
5
Jiangnan University
Applied microbiology and bio-manufacturing technology
6
Lanzhou University
Medicinal chemistry
7
Shandong University
Environmental archaeology
8
South China University of Technology
Physical environment and energy efficiency of  architectures
9
Southeast University
New artificial electromagnetic material (Metamaterial)
10
Southwest Jiaotong University
Wireless communication and information coding
11
Tsinghua University
Frontier issues of mathematics and their applications
12
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China
Integrated circuit and integrated system
13
Wuhan University
Advanced energy, information and medical materials